How Can Physiotherapy Improve My Golf Swing and Help to Prevent Injuries in Golf?

Golf, although not recognised as a high impact sport, can still cause many injuries throughout the body due to the rotational stresses which occur through the body during the gold swinging action. When it comes to your golf swing, if your posture isn’t quite right then it can put tremendous amounts of stress through the body. This stress can result in pain and restriction to the injured area – affecting your overall performance when playing.  


There are five injuries that are most commonly occur as a result of golf. These injuries are as follows:

  • Back Pain
  • Rotator Cuff Injury
  • Golfers Elbow
  • Knee Pain and Damage
  • Tendinitis in the wrists


During a game of golf, you spend hours hunched over your golf club in order to get that perfect swing. In doing this, it can put a lot of rotational stresses on your back which can build up to result in severe back pain, in particular, in the lower back & thoracic region. If restrictions are present in the lower back and thoracic spine, this can cause compensatory discomfort between your shoulder blades muscles.

If you are struggling with any form of back pain, get in touch with our team of professionally trained physiotherapists in Cambridge today.


Injuries to the rotator cuff is a common injury to affect golfers. The rotator cuff is comprised of four distinct muscles which provide strength and stability to the shoulder. The shoulder joint is the most unstable joint in the body to allow the large degree of movement in the arm for hand function. It, therefore, relies on the rotator cuff muscles to confer stability to the joint, while also providing this movement – hence it’s vulnerability in the golf swing if the technique is poor and the repetitious action of the swing.


Elbow and wrist pain can be very common in golfers and is often due to poor technique, over-gripping action and repetitive stress forces through the tendons. Problems can arise on the inside of the elbow (medial epicondylitis), more commonly known as ‘golfers elbow’. However, inflammation and stress can also arise on the outer forearm tendons of the elbow, (lateral epicondylitis), more commonly referred to as ‘tennis elbow’.
If the trial arm elbow during a swing impact with the ball or ground it can cause a jarring action which reverberates the mechanical stress to the elbow tendons. This mechanical stress and loading build up over time leading to micro-tearing and inflammation of the tendons and pain.
Similar stresses around the wrist can also occur leading to tendonitis in the wrist and wrist joint pain. This is often due to poor wrist gripping technique and poor wrist action during swinging such as flicking action of the wrist on ball impact.


When stabilising the rotation of the hip axis during that perfect swing, it results in you putting a lot of stress on your knees. Knee injuries differ in type and severity, however, should you be experiencing any abnormal pain in your knees then get in touch with your local physiotherapist today. At UK Physio, our physiotherapists in Cambridge will treat your knee pain with proven techniques and teach you how to prevent further injury in the future.

How Does Physiotherapy Help Your Golf Game?

There are many reasons how physiotherapy can improve your golfing performance. Engaging in physiotherapy sessions will help you train your body to endure the impact golf can put on you.

Your physiotherapist will assist in improving your golf swing, stamina and strengthen your muscles, tendons and joints.  

In order to help you improve your golf performance, a physiotherapist will carry out an initial assessment. In the assessment, your physiotherapist will obtain ask you lots of questions about your condition, and this will help them form an initial hypothesis about what is causing the pain. The next part of the assessment will involve a physical examination of which comprises a serious of muscle, joint and resistance tests with movement analysis to form a correct diagnosis. Your physiotherapist will then discuss these findings with you and formulate a treatment plan to help reduce your pain and return you to full health and back on the golf course as soon as possible.


Typically, there are four stages a physiotherapist will go through when helping golfers.

Stage One: Screening

Stage one is Screening. During this stage, your physio will do a screening of your posture, functional movement, joint motion, muscle strength and previous injuries and weaknesses you have. In doing this, the physiotherapist can understand the useful information that they will use for your rehabilitation.

Stage Two: Treatment

Stage two is Treatment. Our physiotherapy clinic in Cambridge has professionally trained physiotherapists who can treat a variety of injuries by engaging with a large selection of techniques. These include manual therapy, soft tissue massage, acupuncture, electrotherapy, posture, manual handling advice and strengthening and conditioning programmes.

Stage Three: Strength & Conditioning

Stage three is Strength & Conditioning. These strength and conditioning programmes are created specifically to your requirements and enable you to have the best possible recovery. The programme will assist you in preventing future injury and will allow you to develop good movement patterns and strengthen your core.

Stage Four: Injury Prevention

Stage four is Injury Prevention. The injury prevention is a detailed analysis of ways to prevent injury during golf. This will include warm-up and cool-down exercises to ensure that the muscles are warm before you start playing and are stretched afterwards. Stretching after exercise is very important as it loosens the muscles and prevents you from pulling a muscle.


There are many potential areas for injury when playing golf. Poor posture and incorrect golf swing techniques can be causing your body, in particular, your joints, muscles and tendons a great deal of stress and pressure leading to injuries.


The most common golf injuries are back pain, rotator cuff injury, golfers elbow, knee pain and tendon/soft tissue injuries. These injuries are likely to occur due to the repetitive swinging of the golf club, as well as the power that is put into the swing; causing strain on your muscles and joints.


The injuries can easily be treated by a professional physiotherapist, and you will be provided with a rehabilitation plan that will assist you in understanding how to prevent injuries in the future. The plan will condition and strengthen your muscles, tendons and joints to ensure that you remove the risk of future injury.


A physiotherapist will take you through four stages when assessing your injuries. These stages are Screening, Treatment, Strength & Conditioning and Injury Prevention. All four areas will enlighten your view on the physical implications of golf and how you can train your body to become more resilient to the effects.

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